Pakistan is home to two species of bears: the Himalayan brown bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus) and the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus).
The Himalayan brown bear is larger and more widespread than the Asiatic black bear, and is found in the northern mountains of Pakistan, including the Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Himalayas.
The Asiatic black bear is smaller and has a more restricted range, and is found in the northern and western mountains of Pakistan, as well as the foothills of the Himalayas.
The population of bears in Pakistan is declining, due to a number of factors, including habitat loss and fragmentation, human-bear conflict, and poaching. A 2016 study estimated that the population of Himalayan brown bears in Pakistan is about 2,500 individuals, and the population of Asiatic black bears is about 1,000 individuals.
The Himalayan brown bear is found in the northern mountains of Pakistan, including the Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Himalayas. It is also found in the Kohistan and Swat Valleys.
The Asiatic black bear is found in the northern and western mountains of Pakistan, as well as the foothills of the Himalayas. It is also found in the Chitral Valley and the Dir District.
The main cause of human-bear conflicts in Pakistan is livestock predation. Bears are attracted to domestic animals, such as sheep, goats, and cattle, and they will sometimes kill them for food. This can lead to retaliation from the farmers, who may kill the bears in self-defense or to protect their livestock.
Human-bear conflict is a major threat to bears in Pakistan. Bears are often killed by humans in retaliation for livestock predation or crop-raiding. Bears are also hunted for their body parts, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine.
There are a number of conservation efforts underway to protect bears in Pakistan. These efforts include:
- Creating protected areas for bears
- Raising awareness about human-bear conflict
- Reducing poaching
- Promoting sustainable use of bear habitat
Bears are an important part of the ecosystem in Pakistan. They play a role in dispersing seeds and pollinating plants. They are also a source of income for local communities through ecotourism. Conservation efforts are essential to protect bears in Pakistan and ensure their long-term survival.
Some other facts about bears in Pakistan:
- Bears are solitary animals and only come together to mate.
- Bears are omnivorous and their diet includes fruits, vegetables, nuts, insects, and small animals.
- Bears are good swimmers and climbers.
- Bears hibernate during the winter months.
- Bears are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
I hope this article has been informative. If you have any other questions, please let me know.